Development of a nano-size off-grid energy system using renewables and IoT technologies at the Meteoria visitor center: A Finnish case study

Jessica Tuuf*, Hans Lindén, Sami Lieskoski, Margareta Björklund-Sänkiaho

*Korresponderande författare för detta arbete

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

21 Nedladdningar (Pure)

Sammanfattning

The increased utilization of non-renewable energy during the last century has influenced the climate, with increased carbon dioxide emissions and elevated temperature as a result. Thus, the need to develop and demonstrate new sustainable solutions regarding both energy supply and consumption, but also energy system optimization, is obvious. This case study presents the nano-size off-grid energy system at the Meteoria visitor center in Ostrobothnia, Finland, and the real-time measuring techniques that have been installed to follow up the energy production and consumption. The Meteoria consists of several buildings, which are open to the public from April to October. The case site is operated by energy derived from wind power, solar power, and a diesel generator (as a backup), with batteries for energy storage. The Internet of Things (IoT) has been retrofitted to the existing energy system to enable energy measurements and follow various electrical parameters in real-time. In addition, a graphical visualization platform open to the public has been developed. In this study, the completeness of data sampling and the IoT system was checked, and the results show high availability of data. Furthermore, various errors/limitations regarding the IoT system were identified. The energy supply/demand at the Meteoria in 2021 was monitored and the challenges regarding the existing energy system in a cold climate zone are discussed as well as the potential role of the Meteoria to function as a living lab.

OriginalspråkEngelska
Artikelnummere21473
TidskriftHeliyon
Volym9
Nummer11
DOI
StatusPublicerad - nov. 2023
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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