Fe-modified mordenite, ferrierite, Y, ZSM-5, ZSM-12 and beta zeolite catalysts were prepared by solid state ion-exchange and conventional liquid phase ion-exchange methods from aqueous solutions. Sn- modified H-beta-300 zeolite catalyst was prepared by the later method. The characterization of proton form, Fe and Sn modified zeolites was carried out using X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy with magnetic measurements, transmission electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy, thermo-gravimetric analysis and FTIR spectroscopy using pyridine as a probe molecule. Isomerization of α-pinene oxide over the Fe and Sn modified zeolite catalysts was carried out in the liquid phase using a batch-wise glass reactor. Formation of campholenic aldehyde and fencholenic aldehyde were observed to be influenced by the structure, acidity of zeolite and contents of Fe and Sn, reaction temperature and the catalysts pretreatment.
- α-Pinene oxide
- Campholenic aldehyde