Intensification of hemicellulose hot-water extraction from spruce wood in a batch extractor - effects of wood particle size

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    47 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The effect of five different wood particle size fractions between 0.5 and 12.5 mm on hot-water extraction of acetylated water-soluble hemicelluloses from spruce wood with a batch extraction setup at 170 degrees C was investigated. Extraction kinetics, with regard to particle size, was also studied. The purpose was to intensify the hemicellulose extraction for high molar mass hemicelluloses at high yield and purity. About 30% of the wood was dissolved and basically all the hemicelluloses could be extracted. The average molar masses of the extracted hemicelluloses decreased rapidly during the first 10 min of the extraction, but were not much affected by the difference in wood particle sizes. Smaller particles resulted in higher extraction rates. The reaction order was established to be of pseudo-first order for particles above 2 mm and 1.5st order for particles smaller than 2 mm. The effective diffusion coefficient was determined to be 9.11 x 10(-10) m(2)/s.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)212–220
    Number of pages9
    JournalBioresource Technology
    Volume143
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Extraction kinetics
    • Hemicellulose
    • Hot-water extraction
    • Particle size
    • Spruce wood

    Cite this