Intensification of hemicellulose hot-water extraction from spruce wood in a batch extractor - effects of wood particle size

    Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

    47 Sitaatiot (Scopus)

    Abstrakti

    The effect of five different wood particle size fractions between 0.5 and 12.5 mm on hot-water extraction of acetylated water-soluble hemicelluloses from spruce wood with a batch extraction setup at 170 degrees C was investigated. Extraction kinetics, with regard to particle size, was also studied. The purpose was to intensify the hemicellulose extraction for high molar mass hemicelluloses at high yield and purity. About 30% of the wood was dissolved and basically all the hemicelluloses could be extracted. The average molar masses of the extracted hemicelluloses decreased rapidly during the first 10 min of the extraction, but were not much affected by the difference in wood particle sizes. Smaller particles resulted in higher extraction rates. The reaction order was established to be of pseudo-first order for particles above 2 mm and 1.5st order for particles smaller than 2 mm. The effective diffusion coefficient was determined to be 9.11 x 10(-10) m(2)/s.
    AlkuperäiskieliEi tiedossa
    Sivut212–220
    Sivumäärä9
    JulkaisuBioresource Technology
    Vuosikerta143
    DOI - pysyväislinkit
    TilaJulkaistu - 2013
    OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

    Keywords

    • Extraction kinetics
    • Hemicellulose
    • Hot-water extraction
    • Particle size
    • Spruce wood

    Viittausmuodot