Bed agglomeration characteristics of wood-derived fuels in FBC

Maria Zevenhoven, M Ohman, BJ Skrifvars, R Backman, A Nordin, Mikko Hupa

    Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

    61 Citeringar (Scopus)


    The agglomeration tendency of five Scandinavian forest-derived biomass fuels was studied using an advanced fuel analysis, i.e., a combination of chemical fractionation analysis, controlled bed defluidization tests, and SEM/EDX analysis of bed samples. It is shown that all five fuels have a tendency to form bed agglomerates when fired in a fluidized bed with silica sand as the bed material. The agglomeration appeared to proceed by formation of a sticky layer on bed particles gluing them together. The layers on the bed particles contained Si, Ca, and K, and, in some cases, P. The combination of advanced fuel analysis by SEM/EDX showed that the soluble fraction of Ca and K (i.e., leachable from the fuel with water and acetate) may be responsible for the formation of the layer. Silicon may mainly come from the bed particles.
    Sidor (från-till)818–824
    Antal sidor7
    TidskriftEnergy and Fuels
    StatusPublicerad - 2006
    MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

    Citera det här