Anniversary reactions among journalists covering terror: stress reactions and well-being 10 years after the terror in Norway

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

9 Lataukset (Pure)


Background: Covering terror and catastrophes can be traumatic for journalists, potentially resulting in long-term impairment. This study investigated 10-year anniversary reactions among Norwegian journalists who covered the Oslo/Utöya terror incident in Norway, 2011. Objective: The study aimed to investigate whether level of traumatic exposure and support actions in 2011 were related to anniversary reactions and current psychological well-being in 2021. It also explored if magnitude of anniversary reactions was related to level of current well-being. Method: A cross-sectional survey was sent to journalists who still work within journalism, eight weeks after the 10-year anniversary (N = 200). Participants reported retrospectively on trauma exposure, ethical dilemmas and social support in 2011, as predictors, and attitude to media anniversary coverage, anniversary-related stress, and well-being, as outcome variables. Results: More ethical dilemmas in 2011 (r =.295, p <.001) were related to a larger degree of anniversary-related stress in 2021. Having received less workplace social support in 2011 was related to more stress reactions (r = −.196, p <.05), while the magnitude of overall traumatic exposure in 2011 was not related to stress. Social support also predicted a higher level of current well-being in 2021 (r =.381, p <.001). More severe anniversary-related stress symptoms were significantly associated with decreased level of current well-being (r = −.259, p <.001). Conclusion: Journalists can experience lasting consequences from demanding experiences at work, including fluctuating stress symptoms during incident anniversaries. It is crucial for both journalists and newsrooms to recognize and be aware of the potential impact of anniversaries on the well-being of those involved in the initial coverage.

JulkaisuEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 26 kesäk. 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu


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