Triacylglycerol regioisomers in human milk resolved with an algorithmic novel electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry method

Heikki Kallio, Matts Nylund, Pontus Boström, Baoru Yang

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    A highly sensitive mass spectrometric (MS) method was developed and validated to analyze ratios of regioisomeric triacylglycerols (TAGs) in fats and oils. UPLC resolution of lithiated TAGs followed by daughter scan MS/MS of positive ions revealed several indicative ions for quantitative analysis. Reference TAGs containing C14–C20 fatty acids (FAs) showed good linear response. Analysis of Finnish and Chinese pooled human milk samples revealed hundreds of regioisomeric TAGs. At least 64 mol% of the TAGs were quantified with relative standard deviation <17%. When present in the same TAG molecule together with C18 FAs, palmitic acid was typically in the sn-2 position. When together with FAs 10:0, 12:0, 14:0, 20:1 and 20:2, the sn-2 preference of 16:0 was less clear. Oleic acid occupied typically the sn-1/sn-3 positions but when together with FAs 20:1, 20:2, 18:2, 14:1, 12:0 or 10:0 the positioning of 18:1 did not follow these rules
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)351–360
    JournalFood Chemistry
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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