Thermal energy storage (TES) capacity of a lab scale magnesium hydro carbonates / silica gel system

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper the focus is on the reactive material, reactor design, and heat capacity properties of a TES process. A standardized method for producing the reactive material is being developed, for use in a TES reactor vessel. The magnesium hydro carbonate (Nesquehonite, MgCO3· 3H2O) used can be produced by a carbon capture and storage by mineralization process. A composite material for the TES using chemisorption of water is a mixture of MgCO3· 3H2O and silica gel. Several heat effects are tested simultaneously with a recently constructed set up for 40-70 g composite material using temperature and relative humidity sensors to monitor the reaction and its conditions. The cyclability of the reversible reaction and the performance of the reactive material are analysed. A thermal storage capacity of 0.41 MJ/kg using 70 g composite material could be measured, while using 3 g sample hydration/chemisorption effect of 0.71 MJ/kg was obtained. Earlier studies addressed application concepts of combining the TES reactor with heat pumps, to be used as an extra heat source during colder periods to improve the efficiency and COP. For the current paper, operating temperatures and humidity were measured in the reactor, as to match the parameters in of technical concepts, while also the maximum reaction heat effect using the composite material was measured.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Title of host publication5th International Conference : Contemporary Problems of Thermal Engineering, Gliwice, Poland, 18-21 September 2018
EditorsWojciech Stanek, Lucyna Czarnowska, Wojciech Kostowski, Paweł Gładysz
PublisherThe Silesian University of Technology
Pages283–291
ISBN (Print)978-83-61506-46-1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Contemporary Problems of Thermal Engineering - 5th International Conference on Contemporary Problems of Thermal Engineering (CPOTE 2018)
Duration: 18 Sep 201821 Sep 2018

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Contemporary Problems of Thermal Engineering
Period18/09/1821/09/18

Keywords

  • CO2 mineral carbonation
  • Magnesium (hydro)carbonate
  • Silica gel
  • Thermal energy storage
  • seasonality

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