Lower abdominal adipose tissue cannabinoid type 1 receptor availability in young men with overweight

Laura Pekkarinen, Tatu Kantonen, Vesa Oikonen, Merja Haaparanta-Solin, Richard Aarnio, Alex M Dickens, Annie von Eyken, Aino Latva-Rasku, Prince Dadson, Anna K Kirjavainen, Johan Rajander, Kari Kalliokoski, Tapani Rönnemaa, Lauri Nummenmaa, Pirjo Nuutila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Cannabinoid type 1 receptors (CB1R) modulate feeding behavior and energy homeostasis, and the CB1R tone is dysgulated in obesity. This study aimed to investigate CB1R availability in peripheral tissue and brain in young men with overweight versus lean men.

METHODS: Healthy males with high (HR, n = 16) or low (LR, n = 20) obesity risk were studied with fluoride 18-labeled FMPEP-d2 positron emission tomography to quantify CB1R availability in abdominal adipose tissue, brown adipose tissue, muscle, and brain. Obesity risk was assessed by BMI, physical exercise habits, and familial obesity risk, including parental overweight, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. To assess insulin sensitivity, fluoro-[18 F]-deoxy-2-D-glucose positron emission tomography during hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp was performed. Serum endocannabinoids were analyzed.

RESULTS: CB1R availability in abdominal adipose tissue was lower in the HR than in the LR group, whereas no difference was found in other tissues. CB1R availability of abdominal adipose tissue and brain correlated positively with insulin sensitivity and negatively with unfavorable lipid profile, BMI, body adiposity, and inflammatory markers. Serum arachidonoyl glycerol concentration was associated with lower CB1R availability of the whole brain, unfavorable lipid profile, and higher serum inflammatory markers.

CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest endocannabinoid dysregulation already in the preobesity state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1844-1858
Number of pages15
JournalObesity
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Male
  • Humans
  • Overweight
  • Insulin Resistance/physiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Receptors, Cannabinoid
  • Obesity
  • Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imaging
  • Endocannabinoids
  • Cannabinoids
  • Adipose Tissue

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