Electro-Optical Gas Sensor Consisting of Nanostructured Paper Coating and an Ultrathin Sensing Element

Jawad Sarfraz, Emil Rosqvist, Petri Ihalainen, Jouko Peltonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This work describes the use of a paper substrate for electro-optical detection of toxic hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas. For electrical detection, a chemiresistive type of gas sensor was developed. Ultrathin gold film electrodes (UTGFE) were produced by physical vapor deposition of gold on nanostructured latex-coated paper substrate. The gas-sensing film was deposited on the electrodes by inkjet printing. The sensing films were characterized by atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and conductometry. The sensing films showed more than seven orders of magnitude change in resistance when exposed to as low as 1 part per million (ppm) H2S gas at room temperature. Besides resistive response, the change in color of the sensing films was studied on a paper substrate, both as a function of print density of the sensing material and H2S concentration. For quantification of the analyte the red, green and blue color deconvolution was performed on the pictures of the paper strip indicator using an open source software. A clear response was obtained from the blue channel. The inexpensive disposable color strips produced on the paper substrate can be used for qualitative and quantitative detection (as low as 1.5 ppm) of H2S gas.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Inkjet printing
  • Electro-optical properties
  • Chemistry and Materials Science
  • Paper substrate
  • Hydrogen sulfide
  • Gas sensor

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