Effect of Impregnated Phenolic Resins on the Cellulose Membrane for Polymeric Insulator

Sharifah Nurul Ain Syed Hashim, Sarani Zakaria, Chin Hua Chia, Zalita Zainuddin, Thomas Rosenau, Sharifah Nabihah Syed Jaafar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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In this study, a cellulose membrane (CM) was chemically treated with phenolic (PF) resin to improve its performance as a polymeric insulator. The CM was prepared from kenaf pulp, and the PF was synthesized from oil palm empty fruit (EFB) fibre. Four different concentrations of synthesized PF resin (5, 10, 15, and 20 wt.%) were impregnated under wet or dry conditions. Thermal analysis of the phenolic cellulose membrane (PCM) showed that the samples had good chemical interaction and compatibility. The PF uptake in the wet phenolic cellulose membrane (PCMW) was higher than in the dry phenolic cellulose membrane (PCMD). During the PF uptake, the CM underwent solvent exchange and absorption in wet and dry membranes, respectively. This difference also affected the crosslinking of PCM samples via the formation of methylene bridges. Due to the PF treatment, the PCM showed lower water absorption than CM. The PF concentrations also affect the surface roughness and electrical properties of PCM samples. These findings prove that PCM can be used as a renewable and green polymer electrical insulator.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Crosslink
  • Empty fruit brunch
  • Resistivity
  • Surface roughness


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