Deciphering the binding site and mechanism of new methylene blue with serum albumins: A multispectroscopic and computational investigation

Perumal Manivel, Parthiban Marimuthu, Malaichamy Ilanchelian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Herein, the interaction mechanism of new methylene blue (NMB) with human serum albumin (HSA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) was carefully investigated both experimentally and conceptually, employing experimental and insilico analysis. The steady-state emission spectral studies showed that the emission intensity of HSA and BSA was quenched significantly by NMB. The findings of the Stern-Volmer and double logarithmic plot revealed that the observed emission quenching process was through a static quenching mechanism and the measured binding constant values (K b) for HSA-NMB and BSA-NMB are 2.766 and 1.187 × 10 5 dm 3 mol -1 respectively. The time-resolved fluorescence lifetime measurement and UV-vis absorption investigation further verify the complex formation between NMB and HSA/BSA. The assessment of thermodynamic parameters disclosed the binding process was spontaneous driven by hydrogen bonds (H-bond) and van der Waals interactions, which contributed a significant role in the complexation. Moreover, the secondary structural conformation and microenvironment of HSA/BSA were modified in the presence of NMB, as evidenced by circular dichroism and synchronous fluorescence data. Molecular docking study predicted a plausible binding mode of NMB inside the binding pocket of HSA and BSA. These results demonstrated that the stabilized NMB is found at the Subdomain IIA (site I) of both the proteins and the results were correlated well with the competitive binding assay. Additionally, the principal components analysis revealed less variation of docked poses for HSA, while, more dispersed docked poses were observed for the BSA model. This also highlights the effects of docking towards a modeled protein (BSA). Molecular dynamic (MD) simulation based binding free energy (ΔG mmgbsa) estimation obtained at 298, 303, 308 and 313 K, were in good agreement with our experimental (ΔG bind) values.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122900
Number of pages17
JournalSpectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Volume300
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Serum Albumin/chemistry
  • Molecular Docking Simulation
  • Protein Binding
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence
  • Binding Sites
  • Serum Albumin, Human/chemistry
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine/chemistry
  • Thermodynamics
  • Circular Dichroism

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