Binary TiO₂/SiO₂ nanoparticle coating for controlling the wetting properties of paperboard

J. Haapanen, M. Aromaa, H. Teisala, M. Tuominen, Milena Stepien, Jarkko Saarinen, M. Heikkilä, Martti Toivakka, J. Kuusipalo, JM Mäkelä

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27 Citations (Scopus)


We introduce a flame based aerosol method to fabricate thin films consisting of binary TiO2/SiO2 nanoparticles deposited directly from the flame onto the paperboard. Nanocoatings were prepared with Liquid Flame Spray (LFS) in a roll-to-roll process with the line speed of 50 m/min. Surface wetting behavior of nanocoated paperboard was studied for different Ti/Si ratios in the precursor, affecting TiO2/ SiO2 ratio in the coating. Wettability could be adjusted to practically any water contact angle between 10 and 1600 by setting the Ti/Si ratio in the liquid precursor. Structure of the two component nanocoating was analysed with FE-SEM, TEM, EDS, XPS and XRD. The porous thin film coating was concluded to consist of ca. 10 nm sized mixed oxide nanoparticles with segregated TiO2 and SiO2 phases. Accumulation of carbonaceous compounds on the surface was seen to be almost linearly dependent on the Ti/Si ratio, indicating of each species being exposed in corresponding amount. However, wetting of the surface was observed to follow merely an S-shaped curve, caused by the roughness of the nanocoated surface. Reasons for the observed superhydrophobicity and superhydrophilicity of these binary nanocoatings on paperboard are discussed.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)230–237
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Coatings
  • Composite materials
  • Nanostructures
  • Surfaces
  • Thin films

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