Work motivation and occupational self-efficacy belief to continue working among ageing home care nurses: a mixed methods study

Stina Wallin, Anncristine Fjellman-Wiklund, Lisbeth Fagerström

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

1 Citeringar (Scopus)

Sammanfattning

Background: It is important to support ageing home care nurses (HCNs) to remain in work for longer, since the need for home care services is increasing. Personal resources such as self-efficacy belief contribute to work ability, as does work motivation. Few studies have targeted the ageing workers’ self-efficacy belief to manage their final working years. This study explores ageing HCNs’ work motivation, and occupational self-efficacy, i.e. belief in one’s capabilities, to continue working until expected retirement age.

Methods: The design of the study is exploratory using a mixed method with a qualitative to quantitative approach. A total of 234 HCNs answered four open-ended questions from a cross-sectional survey, regarding their work motivation and self-efficacy beliefs. First, data was analysed using manifest qualitative content analysis. Next, a quantitative analysis was performed based on the results of the qualitative study, and the categories that emerged were quantitatively ranked.

Results: The open-ended questions yielded 2339 utterances. The findings showed that several categories concurrently affected both work motivation and self-efficacy belief. When they were well-functioning, they positively affected both work motivation and self-efficacy belief, and when they were insufficient, they negatively affected either or both motivation and/or belief. Meaningfulness, job satisfaction, social support, and work environmental and organizational characteristics affected work motivation most. Perceived health highly affected the self-efficacy belief to continue working until expected retirement age, as well as meaningfulness of work, support from colleagues and home care managers, and work characteristics.

Conclusions: Through highlighting the meaningfulness of work, and supporting the perceived health, the work community and leadership, both work motivation and self-efficacy belief to continue working might be facilitated among ageing HCNs. However, the still present draining workload must be handled.

Keywords: Ageing workers, Home care nurses, Occupational health, Healthy ageing, Personal resources, Occupational self-efficacy, Work motivation, Mixed methods
OriginalspråkEngelska
Sidor (från-till)21-31
Antal sidor10
TidskriftBMC Nursing
StatusPublicerad - 27 jan. 2022
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Nyckelord

  • self-efficacy
  • work motivation
  • home care workers
  • aging workers
  • extended work life

Fingeravtryck

Fördjupa i forskningsämnen för ”Work motivation and occupational self-efficacy belief to continue working among ageing home care nurses: a mixed methods study”. Tillsammans bildar de ett unikt fingeravtryck.

Citera det här