The Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 genome harbours a deg gene family consisting of three members, degP (htrA, slr1204), degQ (hhoA, sll1679) and degS (hhoB, sll1427). We studied the environmental regulation of the Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 deg genes at the level of transcription and protein structures of the gene products to evaluate their hypothetical role in D1 protein turnover. Northern blotting showed that transcription of the deg genes is differentially regulated, supporting a view of distinct roles of Degs in cellular processes. The oligomerization state as well as the three dimensional structures of the Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 Deg proteases were predicted based on an amino acid sequence alignment and comparison of the Deg crystal structures from human, Escherichia coli and Thermotoga maritima. The structures of the Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 Degs resemble more the Thermotoga maritima Deg enzyme structure than the Escherichia coli one. Moreover, the structures of the LA-loops hint towards a homotrimeric form of the Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 Deg proteases.