Bamboo chips were efficiently fractionated using an integrated process of autohydrolysis and formic acid to induce rapid delignification. Autohydrolysis pretreatment facilitated oligosaccharide production, while the subsequent rapid-delignification using formic acid at a low liquid/solid ratio with a relatively short reaction time allowed obtaining cellulose fibers and lignin. The major inter-unit linkages of side-chain in lignin were cleaved during the combined fractionation process. The lignin fraction exhibited higher purity, more phenolic OH groups, less condensed phenolic OH groups, and higher syringyl/guaiacyl ratio (S/G) as compared to MWL and formic acid lignin from the direct formic acid delignification. These results indicate that the combined fractionation process presents a promising approach to the commercial utilization in the biorefinery industry.
- Structural analysis