Reliability and validity evidence of the Early Numeracy test for identifying children at risk for mathematical learning difficulties

Heidi Hellstrand, Johan Korhonen, Pekka Räsänen, Karin Linnanmäki, Pirjo Aunio

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This study investigated reliability and validity evidence regarding the Early Numeracy test (ENtest)

in a sample of 1139 Swedish-speaking children (587 girls) in kindergarten (n=361), first

grade (n=321), and second grade (n=457). Structural validity evidence was established

through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), which showed that a four-factor model fit the data

significantly better than a one-factor or two-factor model. The known-group and cross-cultural

validity were established through multigroup CFAs, finding that the four-factor model fit the

gender, age and language groups equally well. Internal consistency for the test and sub-skills

varied from good to excellent. The EN-test can be considered as an appropriate assessment to

identify children at risk for mathematical learning difficulties.

Sidor (från-till)
TidskriftInternational Journal of Educational Research
StatusPublicerad - 2020
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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