Optimization of steelmaking using Fastmet direct reduced iron in the blast furnace

Kaisa Huitu, Mikko Helle, Hannu Helle, Marko Kekkonen, Henrik Saxén

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    4 Citeringar (Scopus)

    Sammanfattning

    Steelmaking contributes by more than 5% to the world's anthropogenic CO2 emissions, so new ways to reduce the emissions in this industrial sector must be found. During a transition to more sustainable production concepts, also economic factors must be considered. In this paper the potential of using direct reduced iron (DRI) from the FASTMET process with rotary hearth furnace (RHF) technology, as a partial substitute of pellets in a blast furnace (BF) was studied. Simplified mathematical models of the different operations in a steel plant, including RHF, are combined with a more detailed model of the BF and the entire system is optimized by non-linear programming with respect to costs. The objective of the presented study is to analyze the prerequisites for an economical operation of an integrated steel plant equipped with an RHF, under different raw material prices and varying costs of CO2 emission allowances. The blast furnace operation parameters are also analyzed for different amounts of DRI charged. The results illustrate the conditions under which it would be beneficiary in a steel plant to integrate the RHF and BF technologies.
    OriginalspråkOdefinierat/okänt
    Sidor (från-till)2038–2046
    Antal sidor9
    TidskriftIsij International
    Volym53
    Utgåva12
    DOI
    StatusPublicerad - 2013
    MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

    Nyckelord

    • blast furnace
    • CO2 emissions
    • DRI
    • optimization
    • RHF

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