Isomerization of n-butane to isobutane over Pt-SAPO-5, SAPO-5, Pt-H-mordenite and H-mordenite catalysts

Narendra Kumar*, Jose Ignacio Villegas, Tapio Salmi, Dmitry Yu Murzin, Teemu Heikkilä

*Korresponderande författare för detta arbete

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

25 Citeringar (Scopus)

Sammanfattning

Aluminium sulphate, sodium aluminate, aluminium oxide and pseudo-boehmite were used as sources of aluminium in the synthesis of SAPO-5. The samples were characterized using XRD, SEM, XRF, FTIR and nitrogen adsorption. The formation of SAPO-5 phase, morphology, surface area and catalytic properties were found to be influenced by the source of aluminium used in the synthesis. The sample synthesized using pseudo-boehmite as a source of aluminium showed most phase pure silicoaluminophosphate, whereas syntheses using aluminium phosphate or sodium aluminate only formed quartz and berlinite. The FT-IR spectra exhibited the presence of Brønsted and Lewis acid sites in the Pt-SAPO-5, SAPO-5, Pt-H-mordenite and H-mordenite catalysts. Modification of SAPO-5 and mordenite by Pt impregnation did not influence the structures of these catalytic materials. The Pt-H-mordenite and H-mordenite catalysts with stronger Brønsted acidity exhibited higher conversion of n-butane and yield to isobutane than Pt-SAPO-5 and SAPO-5 catalysts with weak acid sites. Introduction of Pt in SAPO-5 and mordenite played a positive role in the isomerization of n-butane to isobutane.

OriginalspråkEngelska
Sidor (från-till)355-361
Antal sidor7
TidskriftCatalysis Today
Volym100
Utgåva3-4
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 28 feb 2005
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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