Ion-selective electrodes in potentiometric titrations; a new method for processing and evaluating titration data

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    Sammanfattning

    A new method to convert the potential of an ion-selective electrode to concentration or activity in potentiometric titration is proposed. The advantage of this method is that the electrode standard potential and the slope of the calibration curve do not have to be known. Instead two activities on the titration curve have to be estimated e.g. the starting activity before the titration begins and the activity at the end of the titration in the presence of large excess of titrant. This new method is beneficial when the analyte is in a complexed matrix or in a harsh environment which affects the properties of the electrode and the traditional calibration procedure with standard solutions cannot be used. The new method was implemented both in a method of linearization based on the Grans's plot and in determination of the stability constant of a complex and the concentration of the complexing ligand in the sample. The new method gave accurate results when using titrations data from experiments with samples of known composition and with real industrial harsh black liquor sample. A complexometric titration model was also developed.
    OriginalspråkOdefinierat/okänt
    Sidor (från-till)36–43
    Antal sidor8
    TidskriftAnalytica Chimica Acta
    Volym888
    DOI
    StatusPublicerad - 2015
    MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

    Nyckelord

    • Black liquor
    • Calcium
    • Complexation in sample
    • Ion-selective electrode
    • Simulation
    • Titration

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