Improved dimensional stability with bioactive glass fibre skeleton in poly(lactide-co-glycolide) porous scaffolds for tissue engineering

Anne-Marie Haaparanta, Peter Uppstu, Markus Hannula, Ville Ellä, Ari Rosling, Minna Kellomäki

    Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

    15 Citeringar (Scopus)

    Sammanfattning

    Bone tissue engineering requires highly porous three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds with preferable osteoconductive properties, controlled degradation, and good dimensional stability. In this study, highly porous 3D poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) - bioactive glass (BG) composites (PLGA/BG) were manufactured by combining highly porous 3D fibrous BG mesh skeleton with porous PLGA in a freeze-drying process. The 3D structure of the scaffolds was investigated as well as in vitro hydrolytic degradation for 10 weeks. The effect of BG on the dimensional stability, scaffold composition, pore structure, and degradation behaviour of the scaffolds was evaluated. The composites showed superior pore structure as the BG fibres inhibited shrinkage of the scaffolds. The BG was also shown to buffer the acidic degradation products of PLGA. These results demonstrate the potential of these PLGA/BG composites for bone tissue engineering, but the ability of this kind of PLGA/BG composites to promote bone regeneration will be studied in forthcoming in vivo studies.
    OriginalspråkOdefinierat/okänt
    Sidor (från-till)457–466
    Antal sidor10
    TidskriftMaterials Science and Engineering: C
    Volym56
    DOI
    StatusPublicerad - 2015
    MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

    Nyckelord

    • Bioactive glass
    • Bone
    • Composite
    • Freeze-drying
    • Poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)
    • Tissue engineering

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