IDENTIFICATION OF PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE 2A AS THE PRIMARY TARGET FOR MICROCYSTIN-1R IN RAT-LIVER HOMOGENATES

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Sammanfattning

The liver-specific toxin microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a potent inhibitor of type 1 (PP1) and type 2A (PP2A) protein phosphatases. A tritiated form of the toxin, [H-3]dihydromicrocystin-LR ([H-3]DMC-LR), was used to identify target proteins in cellular fractions prepared from rat liver homogenates. About 80% of the [H-3]DMC-LR bound to proteins was in the cytosolic fraction, which contained essentially all of the PPM. In contrast, much of the PPI was found in particulate fractions, each with only a few percent of the total protein-bound [(3)]HDMC-LR. Protein-bound [H-3]DMC-LR in the cytosol co-eluted with PP2A, but not with PP-I from a DEAE-Sepharose column. Native forms of liver cytoplasmic PP2A and PPI separated by aminohexyl-Sepharose adsorption showed similar sensitivity to inhibition by MC-LR, and bound [3H]DMC-LR proportional to the amount of phosphatase activity. The results indicate that [H-3]DMC-LP can bind both PP2A and PPI in the liver which must be important for microcystin-induced toxicity, but is recovered mainly bound to PP2A in the cytosol.
OriginalspråkOdefinierat/okänt
Sidor (från-till)175–180
Antal sidor6
TidskriftFEBS Letters
Volym344
Utgåva2-3
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 1994
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Nyckelord

  • PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE I
  • MICROCYSTIN-LR
  • HEPATOTOXIN
  • RAT LIVER HOMOGENATE
  • protein phosphatase 2a

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