High-temperature corrosion due to lead chloride mixtures simulating fireside deposits in boilers firing recycled wood

Hanna Kinnunen, Daniel Lindberg, Tor Laurén, M Uusitalo, Dorota Bankiewicz, S Enestam, Patrik Yrjas

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

10 Citeringar (Scopus)

Sammanfattning

One of the biggest operational concerns in recycled wood combustion, is the risk for formation of low melting, corrosive deposits. The deposits present on low-temperature heat transfer surfaces (material temperature < 400 degrees C) are composed of alkali metals, chlorine, sulphur, heavy metals or, as is often the case, a mixture of these. K2SO4 is commonly regarded as non-corrosive, but there have been indications that K2SO4 may worsen the PbCl2 induced corrosion. Consequently, a more detailed study with these compounds was of very high interest. This paper reports the results obtained from 24-hour isothermal laboratory corrosion tests with PbCl2 mixed with either K2SO4 or SiO2. The tests were carried out at 350 degrees C using low alloy steel (16Mo3). The interaction between PbCl2 and K2SO4 was investigated in a furnace with a temperature gradient.As a result, a mixture of PbCl2 and K2SO4 is more corrosive than PbCl2 mixed with SiO2. Corrosion was noticed below the deposit's first melting temperature. However, for a mixture of FeCl2, KCl and PbCl2, the first melting temperature is below 350 degrees C which could explain the high oxidation rate observed below the first melting temperature of the deposit. A solid phase or a mixture of phases with the composition of K3Pb2(SO4)(3)Cl was observed in the tests with SEM/EDX for the first time. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
OriginalspråkOdefinierat/okänt
Sidor (från-till)306–313
Antal sidor8
TidskriftFuel Processing Technology
Volym167
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2017
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Nyckelord

  • Superheater
  • Lead potassium chloride
  • Waste wood combustion
  • Furnace wall

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