Charge-carrier transport and recombination in thermally treated and untreated films of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and 1-(3-methoxycarbonyl) propyl-1-phenyl-[6,6]-metha-nofullerene (PCBM) bulk-heterojunction solar cells (BHSCs) have been measured using various electrooptical techniques. The formation of lamellar structure in P3HT has a large effect on the efficiency, carrier transport, and recombination of photogenerated charge carriers. Treated P3HT/PCBM solar cells show greatly reduced carrier recombination compared to what is typically expected in low-mobility materials and electric-field- independent carrier generation. In untreated films, the recombination is close to Langevin-type with electric-field-dependent quantum efficiency, consistent with the typically observed Onsager-type generation. Furthermore, we observe an increased effective capacitance in treated films, consistent with increased charge screening. The importance of the interface between the lamellar structured P3HT and PCBM is evident from optical spectroscopies showing that 2-D polarons are directly generated using sub-gap excitation. We conclude that the formation of lamellar structures in the polymer donor, and subsequent, delocalization of the charges is favorable for making efficient BHSCs.
|Tidskrift||IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics|
|Status||Publicerad - nov 2010|