Nonionic and anionic water-soluble amphiphiles were shown to increase strongly the binding of fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated annexin V (FITC-annexin V) in human erythrocytes pretreated with the aminophospholipid translocase (APLT) inhibitor n-ethylmaleimide (NEM). At high sublytic amphiphile-concentrations the binding of FITC-annexin V, monitored in a flow cytometer, was time- and temperature-dependent and occurred heterogeneously in the cell population, with 43-81% of cells being stained above background following incubation for 60 minutes at 37 degrees C. The increased FITC-annexin V binding apparently indicates an increased flop rate of phosphatidylserine (PS) to the outer membrane leaflet. When the NEM-pretreatment was omitted, the FITC-annexin V binding was markedly, but not completely, reduced. In erythrocytes incubated with a zwitter-ionic amphiphile, a small increase in FITC-annexin V binding was detected, while cationic amphiphiles did not induce an increased FITC-annexin V binding. The potency of amphiphiles to induce PS exposure was not related to the type of shape alteration or vesiculation induced. Our results indicate a significant role of the charge status of a membrane intercalated amphiphile for its capability to induce PS exposure.
|Tidskrift||Molecular Membrane Biology|
|Status||Publicerad - 1998|