Occupational self-efficacy supporting work ability among middle-aged home care workers

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Objectives: From a societal perspective, there is nowadays a pressure put on middle-aged workers to remain in work longer. When workers decide to stay in work or leave work life, a combination of individual and work-related factors plays a role, and therefore, a personalized approach is required. Occupational self-efficacy (OSE) is a personal resource, describing one’s believes in work-related capabilities. It is an appropriate adaption capability essential in developing skills and perceiving changes taking place as challenges to overcome. In today’s continuous changing work life, organizations could benefit from enhancing OSE. However, few studies have evaluated middle-aged workers’ OSE on work ability. The aim of this study was therefore to examine the relationship between work ability, occupational self-efficacy and work engagement among middle-aged home care workers. Methods The study sample consisted of home care workers, 45 years and older, from Western Finland. Data were collected by questionnaires including Work Ability Index, Occupational Self-Efficacy Scale –Short Form, and short version of Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. Results A total of 234 home care workers completed the questionnaire (response rate 51%). Participants were on average 55 (SD; ±5.3) years old, and 99% were women. Sixty-four percent reported good or excellent work ability (37-49 points), mean score 38 (±6.8). The mean for Occupational Self-Efficacy Scale (1-7) was 5.9 (±0.8) and for Utrecht Work Engagement (0-6) 5.1 (±0.9), which are higher scores compared to previous researches in Finnish society. Spearman’s rho showed significant correlations between Work Ability Index and Occupational Self-Efficacy Scale (r = .356, p < .01), and Utrecht Work Engagement (r = .440, p < .01). Conclusions A significant relationship between perceived work ability, occupational self-efficacy, and work engagement was found among middle-aged home care workers. The results indicate that occupational self-efficacy may have a positive influence in supporting middle-aged workers’ work ability.
Period30 sep 20201 okt 2020
HändelsetitelXVI Kansallinen hoitotieteellinen konferenssi 2020: Perustutkimuksesta Innovaatioihin hoitotieteessä
Typ av evenemangKonferens
PlatsItä-Suomen yliopisto, Finland


  • home care worker
  • ageing workers
  • cross-sectional
  • personal resources
  • work ability
  • work engagement