Recently, Iranian temperament has been considered by sociologists as one of the obstacles to development. The main purpose of this study was to identify the basic dimensions of Iranian temperament in the university context. Using a survey study and through available sampling method, 833 students and 266 university teachers from Allameh Tabatabai and Kurdistan Universities were studied. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data, the content validity of which was confirmed by experts in sociology and higher education and its reliability based on Cronbach's alpha at the level of 0.9. Data were analyzed by exploratory factor analysis using principal components method. The results showed that the moods of Iranian students include; The six basic factors of stereotypical behavior and resorting to deception in scientific matters were multifaceted personality and jealousy, authoritarianism and uncriticism in interpersonal relationships, prejudice, bias and prejudice in scientific activities, the spirit of exploitation, narcissism and inclination to work. Also the temperaments of the educators include; The six factors of self-interest and violation of the rights of others in doing scientific affairs were the spirit of exploitation and multifaceted personality, authoritarianism and expectation, bias, prejudice and compliments in scientific activities, the spirit of inquiry and scientific persistence, narcissism and desire for personal work. . Overall, the results showed that the temperament of teachers and students is a manifestation of the general temperament of Iranian society.
|Tila||Julkaistu - 2021|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu|