Polysaccharides in some industrially important softwood species

    Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

    140 Sitaatiot (Scopus)

    Abstrakti

    The content and composition of carbohydrates comprising polysaccharides in sapwood and heartwood of 12 industrially important pulpwood species were analysed. The polysaccharide content was between 60% and 80% (w/w) for all species, with cellulose as the predominant polysaccharide type. The carbohydrate composition suggested that the main non-cellulose polysaccharides were galactoglucomannans, except in Larix heartwood, where arabinogalactans were predominant, while the content of xylans were in the same range as the mannans in Pinus resinosa heartwood and Thuja occidentalis heartwood and sapwood. Pectins, i.e. polygalacturonic acids, were the main acidic polysaccharides in all species. The amount and composition of water-soluble carbohydrates from ground wood samples were also analysed, since these are important in mechanical pulping and as a possible source of bioactive polymers. The main polysaccharides released from the spruce species were mannans, together with starch from sapwood. Especially Abies balsamea stemwood, but also Abies sibirica heartwood, released considerable amounts of pectins, suggesting that fir species may release more troublesome anionic polysaccharides than spruce species. Heartwood of Larix lariciana, Larix decidua, Pinus banksiana, and Pinus resinosa released considerable amounts of acidic arabinogalactans. Thuja occidentalis released mainly arabinogalactans and pectins. Pseudotsuga menziesii heartwood released a large amount of arabinogalactans.
    AlkuperäiskieliEi tiedossa
    Sivut245–258
    Sivumäärä14
    JulkaisuWood Science and Technology
    Vuosikerta39
    Numero4
    DOI - pysyväislinkit
    TilaJulkaistu - 2005
    OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

    Keywords

    • Polysaccharides
    • softwoods

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