Polarization Vortex-Driven Third-Harmonic Generation in a Single Vertically-Aligned Semiconductor Nanowire

Shambhavee Annurakshita, Henrik Mäntynen, Yaraslau Tamashevich, Leevi Kallioniemi, Xiaorun Zang, Nicklas Anttu, Marco Ornigotti, Harri Lipsanen, Godofredo Bautista

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Nonlinear nanophotonics is continuously shaped by advances in nanofabrication, creating new nano-objects that come in unconventional architectures. An intriguing class of such nano-objects includes semiconductor nanowires exhibiting high crystallinity, polarization anisotropy, and high optical nonlinearities. Vertically-aligned nanowires provide the best route to device integration due to maximization of the surface-volume ratio and ease of fabrication [1,2]. To understand and exploit the nonlinear optical effects in such a nanowire, it is crucial that light can be coupled well into it. Previously, we have shown that the second-harmonic generation (SHG) from a single pristine semiconductor nanowire could be driven well by the longitudinal electric fields and can be even used to reliably map the longitudinal electric fields of focused vector beams [3]. However, little is still known about the higher-order harmonic emissions of strongly absorbing materials like GaAs that could occur in the UV regime. It is believed that such high-harmonic emissions are difficult to probe due to wide absorption resonances obscuring the possible richness of nonlinear phenomena in that spectral regime. Also, the generation of UV light that is compatible for any device engineering effort is becoming essential. New approaches to detect and harness these emissions from advanced nano-objects are thus needed. Here, we show the possibility of probing and manipulating the THG from a single vertically-aligned semiconductor nanowire using polarized vector beams.

DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2023
OKM-julkaisutyyppiO2 Other


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