Influence of pre-treatment of straw biomass and additives on the release of nitrogen species during combustion and gasification

Florian Lebendig*, Daniel Schmid, Oskar Karlström, Patrik Yrjas, Michael Müller

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

2 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
4 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

The aim of this study is to investigate how pre-treatment of herbaceous straw biomass for ash control affects the release of nitrogen species during combustion and gasification. To comprehend the formation of NO and its precursors, NH 3 and HCN, the release of these species was investigated and compared under both combustion and gasification-like conditions at 950 °C. The effects of various upgrading methods, such as torrefaction, water-leaching, a combination of leaching and torrefaction, and CaCO 3 addition, were studied. The assessment of nitrogen release was divided into two consecutive conversion steps – devolatilization/pyrolysis and ash/char reactions. The release of nitrogen is highly dependent on the reaction conditions. For instance, the emissions of NO from the combustion conditions (3 vol% O 2) for all fuel samples were, on average, six times higher than under gasification conditions (14.5 vol% H 2O and 5 vol% CO 2). The emissions of NO from the combustion and gasification of torrefied biomass were, on average, 20 % higher than those from raw biomass. Water-leaching had a suppressing effect on NO formation during char conversion. Approximately 62 % of the char-N formed NO for raw and torrefied material, whereas only 26 %–35 % was formed for pre- or postwashed samples. The effect of the applied pre-treatment approaches on the release of nitrogen was particularly significant during char conversion. Increasing calcium and decreasing potassium content had catalytic effects, mainly on the conversion of volatile-N to NH 3. The Ca-doped biomass feedstock showed approximate 10 % increase in volatile-N to NH 3 conversion compared to the source material.

Julkaisun otsikon käännösPåverkan av biomassaförbehandlingar och additiver på kväveemissioner under förbränning och förgasning av halm
AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli114033
JulkaisuRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Vuosikerta189
Numero114033
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - tammik. 2024
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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