How genetic and environmental variance in personality traits shift across the life span: Evidence from a cross-national twin study

Christian Kandler, Denis Bratko, Ana Butkovic, Tena Vukasovic Hlupic, Joshua M. Tybur, Laura W. Wesseldijk, Reinout E. de Vries, Patrick Jern, Gary J. Lewis

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

8 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
5 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Decades of research have shown that about half of individual differences in personality traits is heritable. Recent studies have reported that heritability is not fixed, but instead decreases across the life span. However, findings are inconsistent and it is yet unclear whether these trends are because of a waning importance of heritable tendencies, attributable to cumulative experiential influences with age, or because of nonlinear patterns suggesting Gene × Environment interplay. We combined four twin samples (N = 7,026) from Croatia, Finland, Germany, and the United Kingdom, and we examined age trends in genetic and environmental variance in the six HEXACO personality traits: Honesty-Humility, Emotionality, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness. The cross-national sample ranges in age from 14 to 90 years, allowing analyses of linear and nonlinear age differences in genetic and environmental components of trait variance, after controlling for gender and national differences. The amount of genetic variance in Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Openness followed a reversed U-shaped pattern across age, showed a declining trend for Honesty-Humility and Conscientiousness, and was stable for Emotionality. For most traits, findings provided evidence for an increasing relative importance of life experiences contributing to personality differences across the life span. The findings are discussed against the background of Gene × Environment transactions and interactions.
AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut1079-1094
Sivumäärä16
JulkaisuJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Vuosikerta121
Numero5
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2021
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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