Dissolved and colloidal substances (DCS) and the charge demand of papermaking process waters and suspensions : a review

Martin A. Hubbe, Anna Sundberg, Paulina Mocchiutti, Ni Yonghao, Robert Pelton

    Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliKatsausartikkelivertaisarvioitu

    49 Sitaatiot (Scopus)

    Abstrakti

    Dissolved and colloidal substances (DCS) in the process waters of paper machine systems can interfere with the retention of fine particles, retard the drainage of water from the wet web, and generally hurt the intended functions of various polyelectrolytes that are added to the process. This review considers publications that have attempted to characterize the nature and effects of different DCS fractions, in addition to some of the ways that paper technologists have attempted to overcome related problems. The consequences of DCS in a paper machine system can be traced to their ability to form complexes with various polyelectrolytes. Such tendencies can be understood based on a relatively strong complexing ability of multivalent materials, depending on the macromolecular size and charge density. Continuing research is needed to more fully understand the different contributions to cationic demand in various paper machine systems and to find more efficient means of dealing with DCS.
    AlkuperäiskieliEi tiedossa
    Sivut6109–6193
    Sivumäärä85
    JulkaisuBioResources
    Vuosikerta7
    Numero4
    TilaJulkaistu - 2012
    OKM-julkaisutyyppiA2 Arvio tiedejulkaisuussa (artikkeli)

    Keywords

    • Cationic demand
    • Charge demand
    • Dissolved and colloidal substances (DCS)
    • Drainage
    • Fines
    • Interferences to polymeric retention aids
    • Polyelectrolyte complexes
    • Retention

    Viittausmuodot