Ammonia formation and release in the kraft recovery cycle: An overview

M Kymäläinen, M Forssen, Nikolai De Martini, Mikko Hupa

    Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/raportissa/konferenssijulkaisussaKonferenssiartikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu


    A review with 11 refs. is presented.  A significant amt. of N -​- the amt. corresponding to the amt. of N in the NOx emission from the recovery boiler -​- converts to the form of NH3 during green and white liquor processing.  The NH3-​forming compd. is cyanate (OCN) which originates in the smelt from the recovery boiler.  There are several release points for this NH3, but in all, this NH3 is removed from the recovery process at the latest during the first effects of black liquor evapn.
    AlkuperäiskieliEi tiedossa
    OtsikkoInternational Chemical Recovery Conference : changing recovery technology to meet the challenges of the pulp and paper industry
    Toimittajat NN
    TilaJulkaistu - 2001
    OKM-julkaisutyyppiA4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisuussa
    Tapahtumaconference; 2001-06-11; 2001-06-14 - Château Whistler Resort, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada
    Kesto: 11 kesäkuuta 200114 kesäkuuta 2001


    Konferenssiconference; 2001-06-11; 2001-06-14