Doctoral thesis research, which aimed to develop an environmentally friendly method of starch oxidation by hydrogen peroxide and a complex water-soluble Iron catalyst. Oxidized starch is a key component in the paper industry, where it is used as both surfacing sizer and filler. Large quantities are annually used for this purpose; however, the methods for the oxidation are not environmentally friendly. In our research, we have studied the possibility to replace the harmful oxidation agents, such as hypochlorite or iodates and transition metal catalysts, with a more environmentally friendly oxidant, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and a special metal complex catalyst (FePcS), of which only a small amount is needed. The work comprised batch and semi-batch studies by H2O2, ultrasound studies of starch particles, determination of low-molecular by-products and determination of the decomposition kinetics of H2O2 in the presence of starch and the catalyst. This resulted in a waste-free oxidation method, which only produces water and oxygen as side products.
The PhD thesis resulted in 4 international peer-reviewed publications 2009-2016.
|Todellinen alku/loppupvm||01/01/07 → 01/02/13|