Valence mixing, separation and ordering in double-cell perovskite GdBaFe2O5+w

J. Lindén*, P. Karen, H. Yamauchi, M. Karppinen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Thermally induced valence mixing Fe2+ + Fe3+ ↔ Fe2.5+ is studied in GdBaFe2O5+w by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. For compositions close to w = 0, a two-step Verwey-type transition is registered that separates Fe2.5+ into intermediate valence- and spin states Fe2.5-ε and Fe 2.5+ε and then into the integer valences Fe2+ and Fe3+. Both steps are accompanied by a proportional decrease in electrical conductivity, altogether by approximately two orders of magnitude, and small magnetoresistance peaks are observed. Seebeck measurements identify holes as charge carriers. Increasing oxygen nonstoichiometry eliminates rapidly the first step, whereas the generally stronger Verwey transition proper persists up to levels of w≈0.25.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e267-e268
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Issue numberSupplement
Publication statusPublished - May 2004
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Double perovskite
  • Mössbauer
  • Valence mixing
  • Verway transition


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