Aerobic Pd(AcO)2/pyridine-catalyzed oxidation of unprotected carbohydrate-based terminal alkenes was studied. In accordance with previous reports, the initial reaction step gave methyl ketones. However, our substrates partially gave subsequent α,β-water elimination and alcohol oxidation to α,β-unsaturated 2,5-diketones. Upon increasing the pressure of O2, the reaction was shifted toward formation of α,β-epoxy-2-ketones. The reactions were stereoselective and gave up to quantitative conversions. However, isolated yields were substantially lower because of the complexity of the product mixtures.