Transforming triglycerides and fatty acids into biofuels

Siswati Lestari, Päivi Mäki-Arvela, Jorge Beltramini, G. Q. Max Lu, Dmitry Yu. Murzin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Article or Literature ReviewScientificpeer-review

206 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fuels derived from biobased materials are attracting attention for their potential in securing the energy supply and protecting the environment. In this Minireview, we evaluate the use of biobased sources, particularly fatty acids and triglycerides from seed oils and animal fats, as fuels. The physical and chemical properties of these fatty acids and triglycerides are discussed, including the link to their sources and current availability to meet fuel demands. The current technologies, also known as the first-generation ones, for converting triglycerides into fuels are covered, including conventional methods such as transesterification, pyrolysis, cracking, and emulsions. Recent, second-generation technological developments that lead to more commercially viable biofuels based on diesel-like hydrocarbons are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1109-1119
Number of pages11
JournalChemSusChem
Volume2
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2009
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Keywords

  • Biofuels
  • Chemical Industry/methods
  • Fatty Acids/chemistry
  • Green Chemistry Technology/methods
  • Triglycerides/chemistry

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