Topochemical engineering of cellulose-based functional materials

Liji Sobhanadhas, Lokesh Kesavan, Pedro Fardim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)


    Topochemical engineering is a method of designing the fractionation (disassembly) and fabrication (assembly) of highly engineered functional materials using a combination of molecular and supramolecular techniques. Cellulose is one of the naturally occurring biopolymers, currently considered to be an important raw material for the design and development of sustainable products and processes. This feature article deals with new insights into how cellulose can be processed and functionalized using topochemical engineering in order to create functional fibers, enhance biopolymer dissolution in water-based solvents, and control the shaping of porous materials. Subsequently, topochemical engineering of cellulose offers a variety of morphological structures such as highly engineered fibers, functional cellulose beads, and reactive powders that find relevant applications in pulp bleaching, enzyme and antimicrobial drug carriers, ion exchange resins, photoluminescent materials, waterproof materials, fluorescent materials, flame retardants, and template materials for inorganic synthesis. The topochemical engineering of biopolymers and biohybrids is an exciting and emerging area of research that can boost the design of new bioproducts with novel functionalities and technological advancements for biobased industries.

    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)9857–9878
    Issue number34
    Publication statusPublished - 2018
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Multifunctional materials
    • Fluorescent fibers
    • Topochemical modification
    • Hybrid materials
    • Cellulose

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