Three-dimensional printing of wood-derived biopolymers: A review focused on biomedical applications

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165 Citations (Scopus)


Wood-derived biopolymers have attracted great attention over the past few decades due to their abundant and versatile properties. The well-separated three main components, i.e., cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin, are considered significant candidates for replacing and improving on oil-based chemicals and materials. The production of nanocellulose from wood pulp opens an opportunity for novel material development and applications in nanotechnology. Currently, increased research efforts are focused on developing 3D printing techniques for wood-derived biopolymers for use in emerging application areas, including as biomaterials for various biomedical applications and as novel composite materials for electronics and energy devices. This Review highlights recent work on emerging applications of wood derived biopolymers and their advanced composites with a specific focus on customized pharmaceutical products and advanced functional biomedical devices prepared via three-dimensional printing. Specifically, various bio-fabrication strategies in which woody biopolymers are used to fabricate customized drug tissue engineering scaffolds and items for other biomedical applications are discussed.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)5663–5680
Number of pages35
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • Wood-derived biopolymers
  • Customized drug delivery device
  • Tissue engineering scaffold
  • Cellulose ether
  • Cellulose ester
  • biomedical applications
  • Cellulose nanocrystals
  • 3D printing
  • Cellulose nanofibrils

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