Thermogravimetric studies of high temperature reactions between potassium salts and chromium

Juho Lehmusto, Daniel Kristoffer Lindberg, Patrik Yrjas, BJ Skrifvars, Mikko Hupa

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    This study compares the high temperature reactions of potassium chloride (KCl) and potassium carbonate (K2CO3), two salts found in fly ashes formed in biomass combustion, with both pure metallic chromium (Cr) and chromium oxide (Cr2O3). The reactions were investigated with thermogravimetric measurements and the results discussed based on thermodynamic calculations. In simple terms: potassium chloride reacted with chromium forming potassium chromate (K2CrO4) and chromium oxide. Potassium chloride did not react with chromium oxide. Potassium carbonate reacted with chromium oxide, but not with chromium. The presence of potassium is sufficient to initiate accelerated oxidation, but chloride is needed to sustain it.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)55–62
    Number of pages8
    JournalCorrosion Science
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • High temperature corrosion
    • Molten salts
    • SEM

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