Thermal storage of (solar) energy by sorption of water in magnesium (hydro) carbonates

Rickard Erlund, Ron Zevenhoven

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


In this paper the thermodynamic properties and the chemical reaction kinetics of the reversible reactions where sorption of water in magnesium hydro carbonates are analysed for thermal energy storage (TES). Depending on the conditions mainly nesquehonite, lansfordite and hydromagnesite may be formed from magnesite, all with a certain heat effect. Magnesite and water vapour can form nesquehonite or lansfordite via reaction (R1) and (R2):MgCO3 + 3H2O(g) ↔ MgCO3∙3H2O ΔH = -1.83 MJ/kg MgCO3, T=298K (R1)MgCO3 + 5H2O(g) ↔MgCO3∙5H2O ΔH = -2.64 MJ/kg MgCO3, T=298K (R2)Compared to other chemical sorption compounds, its advantages are low operating temperatures and it can act as a fire retardant. Experimental data is presented on the reactivity of the dehydration at various temperatures. The rate of dehydration of the nesquehonite is sufficient at low temperatures as 50 °C and the reaction is about 90 % completed after 120 minutes. The hydration of the magnesite requires several days of reaction time and requires suitable reagents contact. A too large amount of water vapour, causing condensation of the water, seems to make the reactions irreversible. The temperatures of operating the process are presented as well as which compounds give an optimal energy storage.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Title of host publicationCPOTE 2016 : proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Contemporary Problems of Thermal Engineering, Gliwice – Katowice, Silesia, Poland, 14-16 September 2016
EditorsWojciech Stanek, Paweł Gładysz, Lucyna Czarnowska, Karolina Petela
PublisherThe Silesian University of Technology
ISBN (Electronic)978-83-61506-36-2
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Contemporary Problems of Thermal Engineering - 4th International Conference on Contemporary Problems of Thermal Engineering
Duration: 14 Sept 201616 Sept 2016


ConferenceInternational Conference on Contemporary Problems of Thermal Engineering


  • Magnesium (hydro)carbonate
  • Nesquehonite
  • energy storage

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