Thermal Stability of Zinc Compounds

F Jones, H Tran, Daniel Kristoffer Lindberg, LM Zhao, Mikko Hupa

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    Abstract

    Zn and Cl have been found in deposits in municipal solid waste (MSW) boilers and industrial boilers. This leads to the general belief that ZnCl2 may play a role in corrosion of heat-transfer tubes, owing to its low melting temperature and high corrosivity. In this study, the thermal stability of the compounds ZnCl2, ZnSO4, and ZnO as well as mixtures of ZnCl2, and NaCl/KCl was investigated by means of thermogravimetric analysis/differential scanning calorimetry (TGA/DSC). The reactions of the Zn compounds with SO2/SO3 and HCl were also investigated. The results obtained show that ZnCl2 melts at 320 degrees C. Above 400 degrees C, ZnCl2 vaporizes and is partly oxidized to ZnO. ZnSO4 is stable up to 680 degrees C, at which it decomposes and, subsequently, forms ZnO above 900 degrees C. ZnO is stable at a much higher temperatures but can be chlorinated to ZnCl2 in the presence of HCl at temperatures around 300 degrees C. In the presence of a large amount of NaCl/KCl, which is typically the case in actual boilers, ZnCl2 reacts with NaCl/KCl to form 2NaCl center dot ZnCl2 and 2KCl center dot ZnCl2, respectively. These compounds melt at temperatures lower than NaCl and KCl but higher than ZnCl2. The findings show the significance of understanding the thermal stability of various zinc compounds, how they interact with one another, and whether they react with alkali chlorides and other compounds in the deposits to assess the role of Zn in deposit formation and corrosion in boilers burning Zn-containing fuels.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)5663–5669
    Number of pages7
    JournalEnergy and Fuels
    Volume27
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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