The role of general executive functions in receptive language switching and monitoring

Jussi Jylkkä, Minna Lehtonen, A Kuusakoski, F Lindholm, Hut SCA, Matti Laine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


We assessed language switch and mixing costs in a language-general semantic categorization task and examined how these costs relate to general inhibition and set shifting capacities. The participants were 51 native Finnish subjects with English as L2. The results showed significant symmetric language switch costs and, unexpectedly, a mixing advantage in L2: reaction times were faster in the mixed language block than in the single language block. The interactions with the general executive functions showed no consistent overall pattern. We argue that the L2 mixing advantage stems from statistical facilitation in line with a horse race model, or from opportunistic planning as suggested by the Adaptive Control hypothesis. We argue that the results overall indicate that lexical access in language reception is non-selective.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)839–855
Number of pages17
JournalBilingualism: Language and Cognition
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • semantic categorization
  • asymmetric switch cost
  • asymmetric mixing advantage
  • BIA model
  • BIA plus model
  • Adaptive Control hypothesis
  • Horse Race model
  • set-shifting
  • Language switching
  • language mixing
  • inhibitory control model

Cite this