The relationship between general executive functions and bilingual switching and monitoring in language production

Jussi Jylkkä, Minna Lehtonen, F Lindholm, A Kuusakoski, Matti Laine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


We examined the role of general inhibitory control and general set shifting processes in bilingual language production in 51 native Finnish speakers with English as L2, mainly learnt after the age of 7. We tested the hypothesis that inhibitory control, measured with the Simon and Flanker tasks, is central when switching into L1 (Green, 1998) and, more generally, that general set shifting processes, measured with the Number-Letter task, underlie language switching and mixing (Meuter & Allport, 1999). The results were inconsistent. The basic language switch cost effects were in line with the inhibitory control model, but the interactions with the executive tasks did not support the model and were partly contrary to it. The general set shifting hypothesis received some support. Alternative explanations of the sources of the switching and mixing cost asymmetries in bilingual language production are discussed.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)505–522
Number of pages18
JournalBilingualism: Language and Cognition
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • language mixing
  • asymmetric switching cost
  • asymmetric mixing cost
  • inhibitory control model
  • Language switching

Cite this