The presence of zinc in Swedish waste fuels

F Jones, M Bisaillon, Daniel Kristoffer Lindberg, Mikko Hupa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Zinc (Zn) is a chemical element that has gained more attention lately owing to its possibility to form corrosive deposits in large boilers, such as Waste-to-Energy plants. Zn enters the boilers in many different forms and particularly in waste, the amount of Zn is hard to determine due to both the heterogeneity of waste in general but also due to the fact that little is yet published specifically about the Zn levels in waste. This study aimed to determine the Zn in Swedish waste fuels by taking regular samples from seven different and geographically separate waste combustion plants over a 12-month period. The analysis shows that there is a relation between the municipal solid waste (MSW) content and the Zn-content; high MSW-content gives lower Zn-content. This means that waste combustion plants with a higher share of industrial and commercial waste and/or building and demolition waste would have a higher share of Zn in the fuel. The study also shows that in Sweden, the geographic location of the plant does not have any effect on the Zn-content. Furthermore, it is concluded that different seasons appear not to affect the Zn concentrations significantly. In some plants there was a clear correlation between the Zn-content and the content of other trace metals.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)2675–2679
    Number of pages5
    JournalWaste Management
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Fuel characterization
    • Solid waste
    • Waste-to-Energy plants
    • Zinc

    Cite this