The Potential Effect of Annealing Mesostructured Titanium Dioxide Electrode in a Closed Box Furnace on the Concentration of Lead (II) Iodide Solution Required for Optimal Performance of Mesoscopic Perovskite Solar Cells

Muhammad Talha Masood*, Amna Safdar, Muhammad Aftab Akram, Sofia Javed, Syeda Qudsia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Highly reproducible mesoscopic perovskite solar cells (PSCs) can be fabricated using two-step sequential deposition of organo-lead halide (perovskite) active layer. However, differences in the processing conditions of individual layers which are subsequently assembled to construct the ultimate device can result in variations in the solar cell performance. For instance, here we report trends in the device performance as a function of PbI2 solution concentration, where the compact and mesoporous TiO2 layers were annealed in a closed box furnace (instead of doing it in open air). We observed that the devices prepared using 1.2 M PbI2 solution concentration performed better than those prepared from 0.8 M and 1 M PbI2 solutions. Generally, the researchers use the hot plate in an open-air environment or use a special hot plate where a continuous flow of air is ensured while annealing TiO2 electron selective layers (ESL) for perovskite solar cells. In this case, the highest possible device efficiencies are achieved using 1 M concentration of PbI2 solution. Although the influence of PbI2 solution concentration has been previously studied in detail, here our prime focus is to briefly comment on slight differences in the device performance trends which we observed in comparison to the previously reported results, where TiO2 layers were calcined in open air.

Original languageEnglish
Article number833
JournalCrystals
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Lead (II) Iodide (PbI)
  • Methylammonium Iodide (MAI)
  • Methylammonium Lead Iodide perovskite (MAPbI)
  • PbI2-to-MAPbI conversion
  • PbI/TiO interface
  • perovskite solar cells (PSCs)
  • perovskite/TiO interface
  • power conversion efficiency (PCE)

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