The nervous system of Tricladida. I. Neuroanatomy of Procerodes littoralis (Maricola, Procerodidae): An immunocytochemical study

Maria Reuter*, Margaretha K.S. Gustafsson, Cecilia Sahlgren, David W. Halton, Aaron G. Maule, Chris Shaw

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The organization of the nervous system of Procerodes littoralis (Tricladida, Maricola, Procerodidae) was studied by immunocytochemistry, using antibodies to authentic flatworm neuropeptide F (NPF) (Moniezia expansa). Compared to earlier investigations of the neuroanatomy of tricladid flatworms, the pattern of NPF immunoreactivity in Procerodes littoralis reveals differences in the following respects: 1. Shape and structure of the brain. 2. Number and composition of longitudinal nerve cords. 3. Shape of branches of, and transverse connections between, main ventral nerve cords. 4. Composition of the pharyngeal nervous system. The rich innervation by NPF immunoreactive (IR) fibres and cells of the subepithelial muscle layer, the pharynx musculature and the musculature of the male copulatory apparatus indicates a neurotransmitter or neuromodulatory influence on muscular activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-122
Number of pages10
JournalInvertebrate Neuroscience
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1995
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • immunocytochemistry
  • nervous system
  • neuropeptide F (NPF)
  • orthogon
  • Tricladida

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