The Meanings of Invitation in Caring and Nursing Research—A Scoping Review

Marja Leena Portaankorva*, Anne Kasén, Camilla Koskinen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Article or Literature Reviewpeer-review

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Invitation is a fundamental concept in caring science and a central caring act in health-care practice. Yet studies show that patients experience invitations as unwelcoming. This scoping review reveals that invitations are linked to ethics, a caring relationship, and offered by both health-care personnel and patients. Patients wait for an invitation to a caring relationship where they can feel safe and whole and experience presence and respect. A patient's invitation gives health-care personnel permission to enter a sensitive area between them. Health-care personnel should recognize patients' needs and their invitation should communicate responsibility and good will.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-305
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal for Human Caring
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • caring
  • caring science
  • invitation
  • nursing
  • scoping review


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