The intermembrane ceramide transport catalyzed by CERT is sensitive to the lipid environment

Jessica Tuuf, Matti Kjellberg, JG Molotkovsky, K Hanada, Peter Mattjus

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    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The in vitro activity of the ceramide transporter, CERT has been studied using a fluorescence assay. CERT is responsible for the in vivo non-vesicular trafficking of ceramide between the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi. In this study we have examined how the membrane environment surrounding the ceramide substrate, the membrane packing density and the membrane charge, are affecting the ceramide transfer activity. To examine this we have used an anthrylvinyl-labeled ceramide analogue. We found that if ceramide is in a tightly packed environment such as in sphingomyelin or dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine containing membranes, the CERT transfer activity is markedly reduced. Ceramide in fluid membranes on the other hand are available for CERT mediated transfer. CERT also favors membranes that contain phosphatidylinositol 4-monophospate, due to its binding capacity of the pleckstrin homology domain towards phosphatidylinositol 4-monophospate. From this study we conclude that the membrane matrix surrounding ceramide, that is ceramide miscibility, is largely affecting the transfer activity of CERT.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)229–235
    Number of pages7
    JournalBBA - Biomembranes
    Volume1808
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • Ceramide
    • CERT
    • Lipid transfer
    • Phosphatidylinositol 4-monophosphate
    • Resonance energy transfer
    • Substrate specificity

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