The impact of wollastonite and dolomite on chemical durability of matte fast-fired raw glazes

Thomas Kronberg*, Leena Hupa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Controlled share of wollastonite and dolomite in the recipe was decisive for achieving raw glazes with a matte surface in a fast-firing process. The surface characteristics were studied for 25 experimental glazes containing 9–39 wt% wollastonite and 0–16 wt% dolomite. The glaze suspensions were applied on raw tiles and fired to 1215 °C in an industrial kiln. The chemical durability of the tiles was measured according to the standard ISO 10545-13. Further, the impact of exposure time on surface degradation was measured for 0.1 and 3 vol% HCl-solutions. The changes in the phase composition were studied with SEM/EDXA and XRD. The surface consisted of wollastonite and diopside, some residual quartz and corundum as well as amorphous phases. Wollastonite crystals severely decreased the durability while diopside crystals provided a durable matte surface. The results give guidelines for manufacturing matte and chemically durable fast-fired raw glazes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3327-3337
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Chemical durability
  • Diopside
  • Glaze
  • Matte glaze
  • Surface properties
  • Wollastonite


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